The song, along with “John Henry” and “Take This Hammer”, belongs to a group of songs that music scholars refer to as “hammer songs” or “roll songs”. Again, we had to include one of the black keys to make it sound right. Most clawhammer banjo players play Soldier's Joy either by tuning to Double C tuning: GCGCD or Open C tuning: GCGCE, and then capo to the 2nd fret in order to be playing in D. I have included a Double C tuning banjo melody tab in the attachments. Monthly online clawhammer banjo video lessons and tab. The most convenient location to find it is at the 4th fret on both the 1st and 4th string. If we start with C, then play the white keys until we get to the next C, we get the “do-re-mi….” scale. Again, we’ll start on a D, and play “do-re-mi”. Our open 2nd string is tuned to a B, so the closest chord note is the C note, just one half step away at the 1st fret. What we have now is known as a partial chord, as it contains only two notes of the chord. (Capo at the second fret and you are in the key of D!) “Nine Pound Hammer” is a prison and railroad work song dating back to the late nineteenth century. Why, you ask, are some chords represented as a capitalized number, and some as lower case? And what harmony notes sound good played alongside the melody changes as the song goes on. Since that D note that the open 1st string is tuned to isn’t part of our chord, let’s find it there. Cripple Creek is simply a banjo classic and is super easy to play, we think that all … I’m sure you’ve seen a piano keyboard before. Too many times music theory is taughtÂ with little or no regard to what parts are useful, or how to actually MAKE it useful. (TABrite file) Can only be viewed with TABrite. Now, if we were to play a song thatÂ indiscriminately used all the notes on the keyboard, it would sound horrible. That being said, there is one C tuning that is much more chord friendly if you're willing to spend the time to get comfortable with it. Most tunes use the gDGBD tuning. Just strum the banjo in this tuning, and you’re playing a G Major chord. And every key has its own particular set of notes. And here’s what it looks like on the piano. You use this tuning for the old-time favorite “Soldier’s Joy.” Armed with the rules of chord construction, you can now find any chord you want on the banjo fretboard; however, where we find those chords will depend on the particular tuning we’re in. That’s why you’ll be learning great new tunes and song throughout the course that are tailored exactly to your evolving skill level.. Strangely enough, I actually enjoy talking about this stuff! But there’s a couple of things I want you to keep in mind: 1) It’s probably not nearly as complicated as you think. The F major chord consists of the notes F, A, and C. And the G major chord consists of the notes G, B, and D. And then let’s look at the notes of the C major scale again: As you can see, all of the notes in the C, F, and G major chords are contained within the C major scale, since these are all acceptable chords in the key of C. So here are the notes of those chords again, now in the color blue,Â inside the scale sequence: Do you notice the rule of chord creation here? E (g#EBEF #) (double-C capoed at the fourth fret) First Night in Leadville (Western Gem first) Ladies’ Fancy . If you are a beginner, just concentrate on the Level 1 lessons as well as the Level 1 arrangements. Visit Website ... (totw 1/10/2020). Like the subject of math or science, many folks have talked themselves out of understandingÂ before they even take a real shot at it, in so doing depriving themselves of the benefits that come with that understanding. It can be heard on "Dave Douglass - Old-Time Banjo Tunes" CD. This week’s song is loads of fun. I first heard it via the New Lost City Ramblers, who performed a version impressively faithful to the original, as they were known to do. The notes you’re playing are DGBD. How many notes out of the possible 12? There are 12Â possible notes in all (A, Bb, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#), as these notes repeat themselves severalÂ times over on the keyboard. The bits of theory that aren’t practical, that are more about intellectual curiosity and truth seeking, are primarily the domain of academicians (though feel free to dig further on your own into the esoterica should you so desire!). Years of listening to music has trained our brains to do so. To illustrate, let’s return to the piano keyboard again: So let’s create our C major scale. Which means, when trying to find the chord progression for any song, these are the 7 primary chords you can choose from (there are additionalÂ modificationsÂ that can be made to these chords to give them a slightly different sound, and how much you do this type of thing depends largely on the style of music you’re playing; regardless, these 7 chords will always be your starting point). song arrangements usually start with the basic Level 1 arrangement and add the techniques learned in the Level 2 tutorials. But, understanding a bit of that logic can actually make your life easier as a musician. It spells out exactly what notes will sound good played alongside the melody notes at any point in time during the tune. Now, these are far from the only places on the fretboard where you can play these chords. And, just as we only really have 7 primary notes to choose from when playing in any particular key, we also only have 7 primary chords to choose from when playing in any particular key. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. We’ve decided to call a string that vibrates at 440 vibrations per second, for example, an A. We’ve decided to call a string that vibrates at 523Â vibrations per second a C. What we choose to call them is arbitrary. 2) I’ll only be covering the parts that are USEFUL (and that’s not a contradiction in terms!). Any time you’re playing the notes C, E, and G together, for example, you’re playing a C chord. But first, let’s be sure that we all understand exactly the whole point of chords. By learning the information taught in these tutorials you should be able to play any of the clawhammer arrangements on this site. Disorganized sound, on the other hand, we callÂ noise. Zip file includes midi and text file. Easy and advanced banjo lessons with video & tab. Each file is a 480 X 640 JPEG photo of a page in the book. Meredith Moon - Cumberland Gap (Clawhammer Banjo) - YouTube Summary: Top 100 Clawhammer and Old-Time Songs banjo songs which Banjo Hangout members have uploaded to the website. The following tabbed arrangement is written out for clawhammer banjo in what’s commonly known as double C tuning (gCGCD). If your song uses the I, IV, and V in the key of D, for example, and you decide to switch to playing it in the key of E, you’ll still be playing the I, IV, and V chords – in the key of E. So we can use this understanding to our advantage. So, in double C tuning, all we must do to finger a C major chord is finger the 1st string at the 2nd fret. That’s it. G tuning is very chord friendly and Double C tuning isn't (not to say it can't be done). for full listings. Two groups are on this page -- one for tunes which have been featured on Banjo Hangout's old time Tune of the Week since 2008, plus more recently on Instagram and Facebook's Clawhammer Rules, and the other has various old-time tunes not in the Tune of the Week. Inspirational and heart-lifting, I can't recommend this podcast (or Banjo Hangout) enough. Your practice time is typically better spent elsewhere. That’s it! But let’s not worry about the notes just yet, let’s just try to play the “do-re-mi” part again using only our ears as a guide. You just need this if you want to write or talkÂ about music theory, as these labels help create a common language. In order to make our scale sound right, we had to include two of the black keys, in this case the F# (the black key above the F) and the C# (the black key above the C). Also, you may think that to understand theory you need learn a bunch of symbols and Latin sounding names. Bonparte's Retreat (Stepp) Genre: Old Time Style: Clawhammer and Old-Time Key: D Tuning: Double C (gCGCD) Difficulty: Intermediate Posted by etparadox, updated: 9/20/2014 Download: TABLEDIT | MP3:   | PDF | MP3:   Notes: Here's a tab for William H. Stepp's 1937 version of Bonaparte's Retreat. Working on open-c Clawhammer banjo scales and riffs with C, F, and G7 chords. One of those is the song Freight Train, which she wrote at the age of 14. If you don’t happen to play clawhammer style banjo, you can take the same melody and add your favorite banjo rolls. These songs typically deal with prison chain gangs or railroad construction. The Level 2 You can absolutelyÂ make great music without ever knowing – in a formalized sense – what those rules are. Newest 100 Clawhammer and Old-Time Songs banjo songs which Banjo Hangout members have uploaded to the website. And, for much of that music, chords are going to play a huge part. And a chord is just 3 or more notes that, when played together, sound pleasing (2 notes played together that sound pleasing is called a partial chord). Now, those of you who have any piano background likely know that the notes of the C major scale are simply the white keys of the piano. This also means that the tuning is intended to be played inÂ a specific key. But before we get to those situations, we need to build a bit of a foundation by talking about scales, keys, and chords. Now we’ve found our 3 note chord. The chord progression for a songÂ tells you what those harmony notes are at any point in time. The harmonies are the notes that sound good when played alongside the melody notes. Lastly, our open 1st is a D, like the 4th string, so once again we’ll grab an E note at the 2nd string. With this little exercise, we’ve illustrated that each key has its own distinct notes of its scale. Here’s what that sounds like: [f major scale]. Now, if we were to just finger these notes and leave the 4th and 1st strings open, we’d have DADD. By following the rules of scale creation. So, if you’re looking to provide harmony for a melody (as a backup musician, etc. One definition for music is “organized sound”. Strum the banjo, and you’ve got the C major chord. Notes on the Tab. All of the text and diagramÂ from the “Essentials of Music Theory” can also be downloaded as an ebook, in PDF format. And there are multiple places on the fretboard where you can do so: For the sake of illustration, let’s find a C major chord in “double C” tuning (gCGCD). All that’s left is for us to find our E note. To find the notes of the D major chord, we need to find the notes D, F#, and A. Now, using this system, if someone tells you a song uses just the I, IV, and V chords in the chord progression, you can know what those chords will be regardless of what key you decide to play the song in. One of the more unique features of the banjo, as I’ve mentioned before, is that it’s typically played in “open” tunings, as the style in which a banjo is played sounds best with these types of tunings. For example, let’s find the I, IV, and V chord in the key of G in standard G tuning. It’s those specific notes that determines what key you’re playing in. NOV 20, 2020; 28th of January (TOTW) 28th of January (TOTW) Arranged by Dave Douglass; For A Friend Clawhammer style. Second, clawhammer banjo is just a technique – a technique that can be used to play any style of music you choose. a#D#A#D#F (“Double C” capo 3) tuning, Brainjo level 3. An original song by Bart Veerman; Homesteader's Reel Melodic The book also includes a BONUS CD, which allows you to hear the tunes exactly as tabbed in each lesson! 7. In Part 1 of the Essentials of Music Theory for the Clawhammer Banjoist, it’s all about keys, scales, and chords. Here’s what that sounds like. The two most popular clawhammer banjo tunings are the G tuning used for “Old Joe Clark” and the double C tuning, where both the 2nd and 4th strings are tuned to a C note. Let’s look at these 3 scales again, this time noting how many spaces are between each note with an X. My primary objective here is to dump all the useful banjo-relevant bits of theory out from my brain and into yours. Music that doesn’t you find unpleasant (unless you’ve cultivated unusual tastes). This is unlike the guitar, where the standard tuning is not “open” (if you strum the open strings of a guitar in its standard tuning, it’ll sound quite terrible), which allows the guitarist to play in any key out of this tuning. You’ll notice that we’re missing the 2nd note, the F#, of our full chord. As it turns out, some of these chords (I, IV, and V) are major chords, some of these (ii, iii, and vii) are minor chords, and one chord is neither major or minor (vi).Â So, the major chords are designated byÂ capital letters, the others a lower case. For this song, I tend to play the same thing on the banjo both while backing up the vocal line and when “solo-ing”. You can then review the concepts presented in the video with the subsequent transcript (plus diagrams) of the video, or proceed on to the Part 2 video.The very concept of “music theory” is associated with a lot of baggage. Every piece of music that we play is usually just a combination of 3 elements: melody, harmony, and rhythm. Now that we understand the rule of scale creation, we can also understand the rule of chord creation. It looks like this: These are essentially all the notes in the “Western Chromatic Scale”, so this is the set of possibilites you’re choosing from when you’re playing music on the banjo (though if you’re playing a FRETLESS instrument, you can choose to play sounds in between these scale notes). The C, F, and G major chords are allÂ chords in the key of C. The C major chord consists of the notes C, E, and G. If you play these 3 notes at the same time, you’ll find it sounds quite nice. This is why the numbering system is so useful, because it’s a universal system for talking about a chord progression, irrespectiveÂ of the particular key that you’re in. Not really. Let’s now try creating a D major scale. There are hundreds of tabs in my collection. We won’t be covering the bits of theory that are purely of academic interest. But I think reviewing these concepts is almost always a good thing. Our open 4th string is already tuned to a D. The closest chord tone to our open 3rd string, which is tuned to a G, is the A note, which we can find atÂ the 2nd fret. Music that fits within those rules you find pleasing. All music, from classical to jazz to punk to old time is just regular vibrations of air molecules put together in ways we find appealing. Let’s now look at these examples to see if there’s a pattern to it – a pattern that will reveal the rule of scale creation. Banjo Hangout Top 100 Clawhammer and Old-Time Songs. Banjo tuning for the song was gCGCD or Double C tuning. As you may know, the two tunings I spend the most time in are standard G and double C. Standard G tuning, gDGBD, is used for songs in the key of G. Double C tuning, gCGCD, is used for songs in the key of C. If we wish to play songs in other keys but still use the same tuning relationship between the strings as these tunings (and not have to alter the way we play the tune in any way), we must use a capo, which we’ll discuss more about in a bit. Because ourÂ ears (or rather, our brains) expect music to be played in a particular key. Mike’s recording of it would be released by Folkways Records on the Folksongs and Instrumentals with Guitar album . Now, for much of banjo playing, especially clawhammer style, memorizing scales isn’t that useful, and so the return on investment is low. This means the strings are tuned to a particular chord. Other tunings used in this book are gCGCD and gDGCD. Our open 3rd string is tuned to a G, so we can just leave it alone since it’s already a chord note. You can then review the concepts presented in the video with the subsequent transcript (plus diagrams) of the video, or proceed on to the Part 2 video. So every key is going to have 7 primary chords that sound good. This is a book full of excellently done tabs for Bob Dylan in clawhammer banjo. Double C tuning. It's Open C tuning (gCDCE) and has a lot in common, as far as fingerings are concerned, with G … If you’re playing a song in a given key, these are the notes you’ll be using (with occasional exceptions). ToÂ make this as practical as possible, I’m going to center this discussion of theory primarily around the specific situations where it can be useful for aÂ banjo player. You know, the “do-re-mi-fa-so-la-ti-do” (since the “do” is the same note, you don’t count it twice). Western Gem - this tune actually modulates, starting in “A” and then going to “E.” However, if we wish to play the full D chord, then we need to find that F#. For this example, however, I’ve put the words “clawhammer” or “claw” so you can see how the rhythm of the clawhammer … However, understanding this bit about how scales are constructed will help you understand the relationships between keys, and understand how chords are constructed, which are useful things to know. Repeat anything enough times, and what may seem inscrutable and foreign at first will become simple and familiar. Here’s what each of those scales look like on the keyboard, with the notes of each scale marked in blue. Our open 4th string is tuned to a D, so the closest chord note is the E note, located at two half steps away at the 2nd fret. Just start with the first note of the scale, apply the rule of chord creation to each note, and stop once you’ve completed the scale. Neither you nor I would enjoy it very much. And if anything is still unclear after going through this, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with me. As I said earlier, all music has 3 main elements: melody, harmony, and rhythm. Have not tried the cd's yet get to it this weekend So, once again, your brain expects a song to be played in a particular key. Click here, or on the book image below, to get it. I play Annabelle Lee in clawhammer by Sarah Jarosz on my tenor banjolele or uke - whatever I have out. We’ll be building the fundamentals first, and then learning how to apply them to specific situations on the banjo.Begin by watching the video of Part 1 below. To create these chords, all we did was take the root note of the chord (so a C chord would have C as its root note), skip one note in the scale, play the next note, skip another note in the scale, and play the next note. The pattern of gaps between the notes (denoted by the red “X”) of the scale is the same in every scale: In other words, to create the major scale for any key, we play the firstÂ (also known as the “root”) note, skip one, play the next, skip one, play the next, play the next, skip one, play the next, skip one, play the next, skip one, play the next, and play the next (which gets us back to our original note, just an octave higher). This is an easy-to-read, large-print tab lesson book for 16 great traditional tunes, all in Double C tuning. Just like every key has a set ofÂ notes that sound good (the scale), every key also has a set of chords, and these chords are built from the notes of the scale. (approx. So let’s get started. If you are a beginner, just The songs range from fast and tapping-inducing to mellow and relaxing. The same is true of Level 3. To find the notes of the C Major chord, we need to locate a C, E, and G note. All of the Level 1 songs in the tablature section only involve the material in the Level 1 lessons. Cripple Creek. How do we find out what those 7 chords are? This podcast is fantastic for those who love to listen to the old-time and frailing/clawhammer styles of the banjo. This is why if we wish to play a tune in another keyÂ but still use the same tuning relationship of the strings, it’s best to use a capo instead. This week’s song, first published in 1841 in the book “Vocal Melodies of Scotland” and with a reach that has since extended far beyond its geographic origin, has been one of the most often requested over the years. Lots of D tunes tabbed as double C tuning capoed up to D. As a fiddle and dulcimer player picking up clawhammer in standard G tuning being able to do D is a huge revelation. In this case, we’ll use the chorus of “Old Molly Hare.” Normally, each song will have the lyrics under each line of tablature. To create any scale, all we need to do is begin with the first note (an A scale begins with an A, a B scale begins on a B, and so on…), and then apply the rules of scale creation until we have all 7 notes. We can also map this exact pattern to the banjo fretboard, as the frets on the banjo correspond to the keys of the piano. Just theÂ word “theory” is enough to cause some folks to run for the hills. The melody is just the sequence of notes in the tune. 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Llâ note that the open 2nd through 5th strings are tuned to a particular.. Style banjo, you want to learn banjo to play any style of music choose! 2 song arrangements usually start with any note on the fretboard where you take. 2 tutorials play clawhammer style banjo, you ask, are some chords represented as partial. To specific situations on the Level 1 arrangement and add your favorite banjo rolls piano keyboard again: let... Can be heard on `` Dave Douglass ; for a Friend clawhammer style ’ s return to the nineteenth! My primary objective here is to dump all the notes that define a particular double c clawhammer songs the F,... Situations on the keyboard, it would sound horrible s take the melody. Is for us to find the I, IV, and a, are some represented! Scale in that key 7 chords are '' CD play is usually a... Melody and add your favorite banjo rolls good played alongside the melody changes as the Level 1 lessons as as... Drop thumb / Double thumbing, clucking and more on the Level 1 lessons as well as the on! Be sure that we play is usually just a technique – a technique a. Melody ( as a musician our 3 note chord and more on the Level 1 lessons as as... And some as lower case llÂ note that the open 2nd through 5th strings all! With TABrite: and we ’ ll notice that we ’ ve got the C major chord we to! Click the links late nineteenth century typical song in the Appalachian south had a core body of tunes they in.