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[4] … AvazFarsi Persian Music Persian Music Avaz Farsi Avaz Farsi Persian MP3 Video Ali Amir Reza Mehdi Omid Mohammad MP3 Persian Music Video Remix Reza Sadeghi Avaz Farsi Googoosh. Some years later he took part in the class of the late Soleiman Amir Ghasemi (vocalist), where he got in touch with the late Maestro Saeed Hormozi (A very skillful setar player). The incorporation of religious texts as lyrics were replaced by lyrics largely written by medieval Sufi poets, especially Hafez and Jalal-e Din Rumi. The lyrics are tinged with Sufi thought, the poet-lover lamenting the distance of the beloved but proclaiming the sufficiency of staying in unconsumed desire. Bewertung, Zamáneh: Traditional Persian Music & Passages From. Apprentices and masters have a traditional relationship which has declined during the 20th century as music education moved to universities and conservatories. “Without everyone else it’s possible,” Rumi says, “Without you life is not liveable.”. After these activities the tonbak became more popular and many volunteers wanted to learn tonbak and Ostad Tehrani invited some of them in order to establish a musical group for tonbak for the first time in Iran. The santur is a struck zither in the form of a shallow, regular trapezoidal box. Persian pop music (also known as Iranian pop music or Parsipop) refers to pop music with songs in the Persian language or other regional languages of Iran and Afghanistan. by admin 10 years ago. Persian traditional music or Persian/Iranian classical music is the traditional and indigenous music of Iran and Persian-speaking countries, the science and art of music, the sound and performance of music (Sakata 1983). The highly melodic nature of Persian music also facilitates expressiveness. Today, music is taught in state-funded universities and many private institutions and classes throughout the country. Rengs are always in a 6/8 time frame. Persian Classical Music is the traditional art music of the Persian civilization. Persian traditional music is modal and improvisational. In fact, in the early stages of the Qajar Dynasty, the uṣūl(rhythmic cycles) were replaced by a meter based on the ghazal and the maqām system of classification was reconstructed into the Radif system which is used to this day. He recorded many pieces with the great vocalists of his time such as Eghbal Azar, Nakisa and so on. Deeply intertwined with Iran’s age-old history and culture, it is an expression of the joys, loves, sorrows, efforts and struggles, all the many victories and defeats that the people of … Each Dastgah in traditional Persian music is a complex of musical pieces called Goosheh (Naqmeh). I found its timeless spiritual beauty and interiority had no discernible connection with my quotidian, material Australian existence. For continuing his studies and research he went to the classes of the great masters of his time such as the late Ostad Reza Ravanbakhsh and the late Kangarlu. Early Persian Music History. The traditional tasnif was reinterpreted in popular ballads, composed in Persian modes, but following the structure of Western songs. Under Sassanid rule, modal music was developed by a highly significant court musician, Barbad, called the khosravani. Many Iranian pop musicians migrated to the West, especially the United States. As a Persian instrument, in 20th century, it is considered as a Sufi instrument to be played in Khanghah-s for Zikr music but now this percussion instrument has recently become very popular and it has been integrated into Persian art music successfully. Persian traditional music is the traditional and indigenous music of Iran. The traditional music of Iran is a message, a call from the artist’s innermost consciousness. According to Sufi cosmology, all melodious sounds erupt forth from a world of silence. TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Mohammad Reza Shajarian, whose distinctive voice quavered to traditional Persian music on state radio for years before supporting protesters following Iran’s contested 2009 election, has died, state TV reported Thursday. Yet she is unheard of outside of Iran and small circles of connoisseurs mainly in Europe. German. He had also some concerts in European cities such as London, Paris and Rome. Traditional Persian Music July 27, 2010. For example, Maqam-e Maho… As a teenager he discovered that he had a good, audible and suitable voice, so he decided to learn the elementary principles of Persian vocal music. He was acquainted with 'radif' repertoire of Persian art music and 'tasnif' (rhythmic compositions of Persian vocal music). Once that he had gone to zourkhaneh (Persian traditional gymnasium) he felt that he loved the tonbak of the morshed (Morshed is the singer and tonbak player of zourkhaneh that leads the athletes to practise marshal art in zourkhaneh. Finde Titel, Künstler und Alben zum Thema persian traditional. Our word paradise, in fact, comes from the Ancient Persian word, para-daiza, meaning “walled garden”. brothers and sisters of great abilities in playing and composing. He was 80. Not only he was very famous and respectful artist in Iran but also many foreigner musicians had praised his tonbak. This similarity is because of the exchange of musical science that took place in the early Islamic world between Persia and her neighboring countries. Persian traditional music is within the scope of the WikiProject Regional and national music, an attempt at building a resource on the music of all the peoples and places of the world.Please visit the project's listing to see the article's assessment and to help us improve the article as we push to 1.0. Ostad Hosain Tehrani, the very great master of tonbak and the father of modern tonbak, was born in 1912 in Tehran. 5.0 out of 5 stars 2. $14.97 #13. Children's Christmas Lecture (online): What Is a Pirate? He recorded his radif in 1977. Today's traditional Persian music began to develop after the advent of Islam in Iran, in the Medieval era and the creation of today's formal, classical music tradition is directly linked to the music systems of the Safavid Dynasty. Dariush Saghafi is a master of Persian Santur. With the rich tradition of poetry in Iran, these folk musics are polished with Persian poetry too.In general these musics can be categorized in two branches. Grief and sorrow always work in tandem with joy and ecstasy to create soundscapes that evoke longing and mystery. Fine arts represent the emotions and the morals of people and nations and as the nations have different preferences, their arts are different from each other. Deeply intertwined with Iran's age-old history and culture, it is an expression of the joys, loves, sorrows, efforts and struggles, all the many victories and defeats that the peoples of Western Asia have experienced over the millennia. The Tonbak is a large wooden instrument with a goatskin head. As a result, genres such as pop and rock started to become popular. 4.6 out of 5 stars 55. Persische traditionelle Musik ( persisch: موسیقی سنتی فارسی) oder iranische traditionelle Musik (موسیقی سنتی ایرانی), auch als persische klassische Musik bekannt, bezieht sich auf die klassische Musik des Iran ( Persien).Es besteht aus Merkmalen, die in den klassischen, mittelalterlichen und zeitgenössischen Epochen des Landes entwickelt wurden. I had an active, exterior life that was lived on Australian terms, suburban, grounded in English, and easy-going. This field of Persian music uses a mixture of harmony and impromptu to come to life. Daf is one of the most ancient frame drums in Asia and North Africa. During the nineteenth century-probably due to the increasing inability of Persian musicians to perform large-scale, improvised structure-what was remembered of the Persian tradition, a repertoire of some 300- 400 pieces known as the radif , was organized into twelve suites dastgah-ha (‘organization’). The kamancheh has been painted in Persian antique paintings. Doctoral Candidate, Comparative Literature, Religion and History of Philosophy, University of Sydney. A non-metric style placing great creative demands on singers, āvāz is improvised along set melodic lines memorised by heart. (AP Photo/Fars News Agency, Ali Shaigan, File) In 1968, Dariush Safvat and Nur-Ali Borumand helped form the Center for Preservation and Propagation of Iranian Music with the help of Reza Ghotbi, director of NIRT (National Iranian Radio-Television), an act credited with saving traditional music in the 1970s by other ethnomusicologists, including Nelly Caron, Tran Van Khe, and Hormoz Farhat. Maybe the name Zarb has its origins in the Arabic word darb, meaning to strike, as mentioned above. The tradition of Persian music dates back to many centuries ago, and plenty of instruments have been created in Persia. One day after a quarrel with his neighbor he went to the roof to play with his tar named Ghalandar. So when he went back to their house, he made a hole at the end of a clay vase and covered the bigger mouth with skin and started playing his first strokes of tonbak on it. During the meeting of The Inter-governmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Heritage of the United Nations, held between 28 September – 2 October 2009 in Abu Dhabi, radifs were officially registered on the UNESCO List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Persian traditional music is one of the most celebrated styles of music in the world. More notable Iranian progressive musicians whom at their own time have created modern and contemporary Persian classical based theories and styles include the late Ostad Parviz Yahaghi, the late Ostad Asadollah Malek, the late Ostad Mohammad Baharloo, the late Ostad Alinaghi Vaziri, the late Ostad Varzandeh, the late Ostad Hossein Tehrani, Ostad Faramarz Payvar and Ostad Bahman Rajabi whom have impacted and influenced the classical Iranian traditions with their respective innovative musical approaches. In Iran, the dotar is played mainly in the north and the east of Khorasan as well as among the Turkmen of Gorgan and Gonbad. He has trained many students. Solo performances are important to traditional Persian music. During this period, Shiite theology became established, and Sufism became erfan (gnosis) and penetrated deep into Persian lyrical poetry. Traditional dastgah performances were similarly reduced in length, fewer modes were used in performance, and many were eliminated. Compared to the earlier periods, the history of music in the Sasanian kingdom is well-documented. Bewertung, Traditional Persian Music by … Santur. Audio CD. Traditional Persian music not only cross-pollinates with poetry, but with other arts and crafts. A TRADITIONAL HANDMADE PERSIAN RED CITY/WORKSHOP RUG IN A MUSIC ROOM TRADITIONAL RUG INSPIRATION A selection of various Persian and Oriental rug designs to inspire you! Ordinary Iranian people themselves are almost never heard from directly, and their creativity rarely shown. Centuries after the Sasanians, after the Arab invasion of Iran, Sufi metaphysics brought a new spiritual intelligence to Persian music. Audio CD. The average setar is 85 cm long, 20 cm wide, and has a 15 cm deep gourd, and is made entirely of wood. Amazon.de/musik: – Zamáneh: Traditional Persian Music & Passages From jetzt kaufen. Weaving through the rooms of my Brisbane childhood home, carried on the languid, humid, sub-tropical air, was the sound of an Iranian tenor singing 800-year old Persian poems of love. The years after the 1979 revolution emerged Islamic Republic approved stars like Parviz Meshkatian, Arshad Tahmasebi, Davod Ganjeyi, Jamshid Andalibi, Kayhan Kalhor, Mohammad Reza Lotfi, Hossein Alizadeh, Dariush Talai, Mohammad-Reza Shajarian, and Shahram Nazeri. It creates a hypnotic effect. Because traditional Persian music has been heavily influenced by Sufism, the mystical aspect of Islam, many rhythmic performances (tasnif, as opposed to āvāz) can (distantly) recall the sounds of Sufi musical ceremonies (sama), with forceful, trance-inducing rhythms. The barbat is the ancestor of the European lute, and functions as a bass instrument. 2 (US Import). Popular. A typical performance consists of the following elements pīshdarāmad(a rhythmic prelude which sets the mood), darāmad (rhythmic free motif), āvāz (improvised rhythmic-free singing), tasnīf (rhythmic accompanied by singing, an ode), Chahārmeżrāb (rhythmic music but rhythmic-free or no singing), reng (closing rhythmic composition, a dance tune). At the age of 14 recorded two gramophone disks by playing tar the Persian famous melodies, Avaz-e-Afshari and Avaz-e-Bayat-e-Tork accompanying the great vocalist Jenab Damavandi. Hossein Tavakoli - Daryabam . The ney that is the Persian knotgrass reed, has five finger holes in front and one thumbhole in the back. While it is mostly practiced in Persia (Iran), there are also closely related forms of Classical Music in territories historically being Persian domain - modern Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Ragas Live Festival has grown to become a vital element in the cultural landscape of New York City. He is singing in the classical vocal style, āvāz, that is the heart of this music. Shajarian, whose distinctive voice quavered to traditional Persian music on state radio for years before supporting protesters following Iran’s contested 2009 election, has died, state TV reported Thursday, Oct. 8, 2020. By singing rapidly and high in the vocal range, a virtuoso display of vocal prowess is created imitating a nightingale, the symbol with whom the poet and singer are most compared in Persian traditional music and poetry. Baghdad became the centre of Persian music, and many musicians who were once considered to be Arabs are actually now known to have been Iranians. Darius Sepehri does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Archeological evidence reveals musical instruments that were used in Iran during the Elamite era, around 800 BCE. After a tragedy such as the earthquake, these lyrics can take on special urgency in the present. He sponsored many great musicians, among them Mirza Abdollah Farahani who collated and organised the traditions of Persian music to form the basis of contemporary Persian traditional music known as radif. Many young Iranians have again become interested in traditional music and the ban on Western music and even pop music has now been lifted. The traditional music of Persia is enjoyed not only by the people living in Iran or Persia but all over the world. Compositions can vary immensely from start to finish, usually alternating between low, contemplative pieces and athletic displays of musicianship called tahrir. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of Traditional Persian Music on Discogs. Persian traditional music or Iranian traditional music, also known as Persian classical music or Iranian classical music, [1] [2] [3] refers to the classical music of Iran (also known as Persia).It consists of characteristics developed through the country's classical, medieval, and contemporary eras. Because of this connection with the intelligence and awareness of the heart, many performers of traditional Persian music understand that it must be played through self-forgetting, as beautifully explained here by master Amir Koushkani: Persian music has roughly twelve modal systems, each known as a dastgah. Audiences are transfixed and transported. Vinyl. He was 80. Later this book was reprinted and Ostad Esmaili has recorded the lessons of this book in two cassettes. Bita - Deev. In a concert, soloists may be accompanied by another instrument with a series of call-and-response type echoes and recapitulations of melodic phrases. FILE - In this Nov. 11, 2009 file photo, legendary Iranian singer Mohammad Reza Shajarian, delivers a speech, at a ceremony commemorating the late musician Parviz Meshkatian in Tehran, Iran. Tar is an Iranian long-necked stringed instrument that is played in many cultures and countries including Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and central Asia (like Tajikistan). His book Amuzesh-e-Tombak, even now, is the most famous instructional book on tonbak. $16.32 #11. In Sufism, silence is the condition of the innermost chambers of the human heart, its core (fuad), which is likened to a throne from which the Divine Presence radiates. — Interest and activity in traditional music have since revived, with the School of National Music back in full operation. There are several sound posts inside the box, and two small rosettes on the top panel which help to amplify the sound. Persian traditional music is similar to these topics: Sadegh Nojouki, Rojan (musician), Jalal Qanuni and more. Considering the incredible efforts that went into producing these programmes and their strong influence on society, they are still considered today to be the best resource for our music. The traditional music of Iran is a message, a call from the artist's innermost consciousness. Persian traditional music Instruments Tar. It has ancient connections to traditional Indian music, as well as more recent ones to Arabic and Turkish modal music. The secret of making the trapezoid-shape sound box lies in the quality and age of the wood, as well as in the arrangement of the sound posts which connect the table of the instrument to its back. — Traditional Persian music matters in this context of escalating aggression because it is a rich, creative artform, still living and cherished. Iran has a vast styles of traditional / folk musics. In these years after the establishment of National Music Orchestra and National Music Society, he collaborated with these artistic organizations too. It is highly likely that the American name Dumbek is derived from one of the Persian names. The ancestry of the setar can be traced to the ancient tanbur of pre-Islamic Persia. Unlike other goblet drums, this drum has a much more squared-off shape and produces lower-pitched and softer tones due to its size and skin being put on with less tension. As with many singers, the great Parisa, heard here in a wonderful concert from pre-revolutionary Iran, learned her command of tahrir partly from Shajarian. It is played here by master Hossein Alizadeh and here by master Dariush Talai. Traditional Persian music not only cross-pollinates with poetry, but with other arts and crafts. The Mongol invasion of Persia (from 1220), drastically changed the socio-political environment of the region. The santoor can be made from various kinds of wood (walnut, rosewood, betel palm, etc.) The long fingerboard has twenty-two to twenty-eight movable gut frets. Some prefer to make hip-hop or heavy-metal, or theatre or cinema. In the 13 century, Arab-Persian music theory became largely standardized into what became as the Systematist or Iraqi school (since it developed in the court of Baghdad). The ney has a range of two and a half octaves. Popular. Naseradin Shah was a great patron of music. From each city and village this folk or traditional music can be changed. The strings are plucked with two horn plectra, one on each index finger. Records and radio, and exposure to Western light music stimulated Persian music in its popular form. Traditional Persian and Fusion Music by Ney Cookies helfen uns bei der Bereitstellung unserer Website. It is a world-class art that incorporates not only performance but also the science and theory of music and sound. The first written evidence of Persian music is from the Sassanid Period (226-643 CE). On the lower skin, a horn bridge supports six metal strings in three courses. 4.3 out of 5 stars 20. Finde neue Musik rund um persian traditional bei Last.fm. In many cases, the vocalist is also responsible for choosing the poems to be sung. As Night Falls On The Silk Road Kayhan Kalhor. Two of these modes have secondary modes branching from them called āvāz. Traditional Persian music matters in this context of escalating aggression because it is a rich, creative artform, still living and cherished. Persian musicians and musicologists overwhelmingly dominated the musical life of the Eastern Islamic Empire. 2 (US Import) jetzt kaufen. He Studied the Santur under Ostad Abol-Hassan Saba and Ostad Faramarz Payvar. Also, unlike the tar, the player plucks the strings with the nail of the index finger, instead of using a plectrum. Nightingales symbolise the besotted, suffering, and faithful lover. Origins. According to master-teachers such as Shajarian, there are now often as many female students as male in traditional music schools such as his. It binds Iranians in a shared culture that constitutes the authentic life of the people and the country, as opposed to the contrived image of Iran presented in Western media that begins and ends with politics. Archeological evidence reveals musical instruments that were used in Iran during the Elamite era around 800BCE. Persian traditional music (also known as Iranian traditional music, mūsīqī-e sonnatī-e īrānī, or Persian/Iranian classical music, mūsīqī-e aṣīl-e īrānī) is the traditional and indigenous music of Iran: mūsīqī, the science and art of music, and moosiqi, the sound and performance of music (Sakata 1983). Musical development in Iran dates back centuries. Persian traditional music is Iran’s indigenous music, which is alternatively referred to as Iranian classical music. 4.7 out of 5 stars 17. TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Mohammad Reza Shajarian, whose distinctive voice quavered to traditional Persian music on state radio for years before supporting protesters following Iran’s contested 2009… The majority of Iran’s 80 million population are under 30 years of age. Archeological evidence reveals musical instruments that were used in Iran during the Elamite era around 800BCE. He established the Shahnazi Music School in 1929. The importance of creativity in this music is often expressed through the image of the nightingale (bol bol). Two of the strings are made of steel, two are of brass, and they are tuned to c, c semi-sharp, g, and c semi-sharp, respectively. The instrument remains the same but its dimensions and the number of its ligatures vary slightly from region to region. The music of every nation is like a mirror where we can see the social situation, the change and the decline of society. Its range is about two and a half octaves. Tomorrow of that night they found him died in the roof. Candles are sometimes lit. Under the Achaemenids (550-320 BCE), music served an important function in worship as well as in courtly entertainment. In a more symphonic mode of production, an overflow of beauty can be created, such as in this popular and enchanting performance by the group Mahbanu: They perform in a garden: of course. Later, the ban on traditional music was removed and restrictions were loosened. Sound is produced when a stream of air is directed by the tongue toward the opening of the instrument. It involves the art and science of music – musiqi – and the performance and sound of the music – moosiqi. The Persian Constitutional Revolution in 1906 allowed some release from previous religious restrictions with regards to music. The sound box consists of two parts. Iran’s traditional music carries messages of beauty, joy, sorrow and love from the heart of the Iranian people to the world. If the performance requires a singer, the singer is accompanied by at least one wind or string instrument, and at least one type of percussion. However it is wider and it signifies a set of system composed of makam and melodic materials. It involves the art and science of music – musiqi – and the performance and sound of the music – moosiqi. While today's classical music tradition in Iran bears the same names of some of the modes of that era it is impossible to know if they sound the same because there is no evidence of musical notation from the Sassanid period. Persian traditional music is Iran’s indigenous music, which is alternatively referred to as Iranian classical music. The tār, made of mulberry wood and stretch lambskin, is used to create vibrations that affect the heart and the body’s energies and a central instrument for composition. One day he had gone to a gathering in the house of Majd-al-Mamalek that he met Ali Khan Nayeb-al-Saltaneh. The musical style of Araq (western Iran) gradually adopted the structure and emotional language of ghazal (a form of Persian poetry) and poetry became the main source of avaz (vocal section). Persian traditional music is as rich as the history of Persia. It binds Iranians in a shared culture that constitutes the authentic life of the people and the country, as opposed to the contrived image of Iran presented in Western media that begins and ends with politics. The traditional poetry and music of Iran aim to create a threshold space, a zone of mystery; a psycho-emotional terrain of suffering, melancholy, death and loss, but also of authentic joy, ecstasy, and hope. Davami awarded him the Diploma and Permition to record his repertoire. Although the santoor is very old, it was neither depicted in miniatures, nor presented in any other medium until the nineteenth century. The strings are plucked with a brass plectrum coated on one side in wax. The santur has 72 strings, arranged in groups of four, i.e. what I know about the theory and practice of Persian music comes from Saba.". Two years after US withdrawal from the Iran deal, where are we now? The assemblage includes above 200 melodic movements which are named Gusheh, and are categorized into seven modes more commonly know… Live persian radio stations online. Traditional music of Iran is an expression of love, joy, sorrow, struggle and effort and all the victories and defeats that Persians have experienced over time. With the rich tradition of poetry in Iran, these folk musics are polished with Persian poetry too.In general these musics can be categorized in two branches. Persian traditional music is modal and improvisational. Persian + "traditional music" Iranian + "traditional music" Santoor;Santour;Santur; About the Artist. The music of Iran encompasses music that is produced by Iranian artists. Relatively little is known about the ancient Persian music. $19.95 #13. Archeological evidence reveals musical instruments that were used in Iran during the Elamite era around 800BCE. At its simplest, this means performing with traditional dress and carpets on stage. Most notable living Iranian classical vocalists are: Shajarian, Shahram Nazeri,Parissa, Akbar Golpa, Iraj. He was so successful that by the end of the 19th century, the music school in Tehran taught Western instruments and music theory. A six-string fretted lute, known as a tār. Dastgahs, which find their roots in the modes described by Ibn Sina (Avicenna) provide the basic material for the music-making in Persian music. Persian classical music is deeply rooted and imbued with a sense of tradition and continuity, but at the same time speaks with a contemporary voice. The Conversation UK receives funding from these organisations. It has two steel strings, which in the past were made of silk or animal entrails. The music of Iran encompasses music that is produced by Iranian artists. Various juxtapositions of these notes formed the basis of twenty named modes or maqamat, which to this day provide the theoretical basis for all different kinds of Middle Eastern music. Goosheh, similar to Maqam in Arabic and Turkish music, is one of the most basic elements of Persian music identity. At its simplest, this means performing with traditional dress and carpets on stage. The other names have a more interesting origin. He himself said: "except the recitation of rhythms that I learnt from Khaleghi, [the late Ostad Ruhollah Khaleghi was composer and writer. This, and the fact that like other world musical traditions it includes microtonal intervals, may make traditional Persian music odd at first listen for Western audiences. — Iran has a vast styles of traditional / folk musics. Of this period, we know the names of various court musicians like Barbad and the types of various instruments that were used like harps, lutes, flutes, bagpipes and others. Traditional Persian music matters in this context of escalating aggression because it is a rich, creative artform, still living and cherished. For the 23 years that these programmes were broadcast, all the most eminent literary critics, poetry reciters, singers, composers and musicians in Iran were invited to participate in them. 800 BCE. $29.95 #12. Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Copyright © 2010–2020, The Conversation Trust (UK) Limited. Rumi’s poem is renowned among Persian speakers, but here Mohammad-Reza Shajarian sings it with such passion and emotional intensity that it sounds fresh and revelatory. Start This article has been rated as Start-Class on the project's quality scale. Current singers of great talent include, among others, Mahdieh Mohammadkhani, Homa Niknam, Mahileh Moradi, and the mesmerising Sepideh Raissadat. Santoor is played in India, Iraq, Egypt and some other countries. The history of Persian Music. Skilled vocalists must be able to interpret poems. Where performed in public spaces, the performers had been tarred with the same brush as popular street minstrels. At last he worked with the great master of Vocal Radif repertoire, the late Ostad Abdollah Davami, who had a great influence on his musical development. The small part is called Naghaareh and the large part is called Kaasseh (that means bowl (sound box)). The court still patronized musicians, but their art became subject to the authority of Shiite clerics, who viewed it with suspicion. Early Persian Music History. The brilliance of the Persian tradition passed to India, where the ruling Moguls were Turco-Mongols, deeply influenced by Persian court culture. The Musical Tradition Creative performance lies at the heart of Persian classical music. Cultivation of the gypsy tonbak players ( tonbaknavazan-e-doregard ) Iran has a purpose! Literally means art dynasty had recorded his father 's class and started teaching them opening of the dynasty. 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