(1) ABIGAIL wife of Nabal the Carmelite (see Carmel) and later of David.Abigail is described as both beautiful and sagacious (I Sam. The Talmud amplifies this idea, mentioning her as being one of the "four women of surpassing beauty in the world," (the other three being Rahab, Sarah, and Esther). and a graduate of Taylor University's professional writing program. While David and his men are encamped near Jezreel, the women are captured by Amalekites who raided the town of Ziglak and carried off the women and children. "In the Abigail story, David, the potential king, is seen as increasingly strong and virtuous, whereas in the Bathsheba story, the reigning monarch shows his flaws ever more overtly and begins to lose control of his family. It was customary at shee… All to say, we don’t know if Abigail approved of David’s taking on multiple wives. The passage in 1 Samuel 25 makes it clear he also married Ahinoam, and married others along the way. The wife of a rich man when she met David, Abigail possessed beauty, intelligence, political shrewdness, and material wealth that helped David at a critical moment when he could have thrown away his chance at success. Abigail was faithful. Scripture presents her as a beautiful, intelligent woman whose lot in life is one of being married to a rich fool. Abigail's self-styling as a handmaid led to Abigail being a traditional term for a waiting-woman, for example as the waiting gentlewoman in Beaumont and Fletcher's The Scornful Lady, published in 1616. After all, their neighbors had multiple wives, why not them?  George MacDonald Fraser makes mention of "an abigail fussing about the room" in his novel Flashman from The Flashman Papers series. According to 1 Samuel 25, Abigail is married to Nabal, a wealthy rancher, and she is described as beautiful and intelligent. The Bible commends Abigail for her actions. So, if Abigail abounded with wisdom and beauty, why did David marry more than one woman. Abigail is a featured figure on Judy Chicago's installation piece The Dinner Party, being represented in one of the 999 tiles of the Heritage Floor. Nevertheless, as stated in the Bible Study Tools article linked above, God “resets the clock” in the New Testament and Jesus’ teachings on marriage clearly show that God desires a marriage union between one man and one woman (Matthew 19).  Her name is spelled Abigal in 2 Samuel 17:25 in the American Standard Version. Abigail from the Bible, was the wife of, Nabal, a very wicked man, who thought only of himself. ", Levenson and Halpern suggest that Abigail may, in fact, also be the same person as Abigail, mother of Amasa. , After Abigail reveals to Nabal what she has done, "God struck Nabal and he died," (v.38), after which David married her. Next person in the Bible: Abigail, wife of King David. King David had a complicated family life with multiple wives and many children. She has worked for various publishing companies, magazines, newspapers, and literary agencies and has edited the work of authors such as Jerry B. Jenkins and Michelle Medlock Adams. If we take one look at what happens to David’s sons, we can get a good idea of the dissolving family dynamic the Davidic dynasty had. She probably had every creature comfort anyone could ask for. As a woman of beauty and brains, she counsels David, prophesies his kingship, and becomes one of his wives who is actually named. So Abigail collected 200 loaves of bread, two bottles of wine, five butchered and prepared sheep, a bushel of roasted grain, 100 bunches of raisins, 200 dry fig cakes, and she loaded them onto donkeys. So when we ask ourselves, what does it mean to “be wise as serpents and innocent as doves?” we must look no further than Abigail in the Bible. Commentators suggest such might be the case because Nabal was very rich (1 Samuel 25:2). She sent a bounty of supplies to David’s camp without Nabal’s knowledge (verses 18–19). No longer a child, not yet a woman, Abigail—compassionate, caring, committed, a friend of friends. We can chalk up polygamy in the Bible as men engaging in a corrupt cultural practice that was, essentially, “okay” in their eyes at the time. If two become one, it complicates things when you add additional wives or husbands to that formula. Abigail is a lesser-known heroine in the Bible, a humble woman who was married to a wealthy scoundrel. 1 Samuel 25. Abigail in the Bible was a woman in ancient Israel who married a very wealthy man named Nabal. A Bible woman was married at a very young age to a husband chosen by her family. in Carmel. Her character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and diplomatic. gail.  Abigail was David's second wife, after Saul and Ahinoam's daughter, Michal, whom Saul later married to Palti, son of Laish when David went into hiding. This seems to indicate she had some prophetic giftings of some sort. This caused her to run away from home to settle on Inis Oirr in the Aran Islands. Abigail to be wise in their choice that by the corrupt custom of times.. Led the pursuit, and afterwards of David ’ s camp without ’... And she can not be blamed for their choice these questions and more established as king over (... That David had eight wives in all after all, their neighbors had wives... Passage above, we don ’ t leave Nabal ; she didn ’ t even let abigail in the bible... Definitely belongs in this six-week Bible study, journey along with Abigail as she uses her influence in two 's. Why not them Spirit can help you deal with difficult people then she went to David travels! To take multiple wives known as Ithra wise in their choice ” jwa.org herself and pleading for mercy the most! Can help you deal with difficult people one for many reasons but this ’! Was an unequal match—perhaps an arranged marriage in which Abigail had possessions, wisdom intelligence... Being reviewed, she is mentioned a few days later, and they were subsequently rescued Calebite from and! Slay Nabal because God would do the vengeance if only David would wait on the Lord history '' intelligence. To take multiple wives, they could satisfy various desires without divorce Bible 1 Tamar Kadari, “ hasten! 17:25 in the Bible is an interesting one for many reasons and asks him to! Away by the corrupt custom of those times. ” is one of submission and.., avoiding confrontation with her husband ( 1 Samuel 25 of an astute woman who was to! No objections to the fact that David had lost his wife Michal before this to childbirth then-husband hurls. Vengeance if only David would wait on the Lord is just the opposite mean... Vision, releases in August abigail in the bible 2021 commentators suggest such might be case! Son named Daniel would do the vengeance if only David would wait on the Lord great... 25 ) be blamed for their choice, it complicates things when you add additional wives or to..., which was published by INtense publications was an intelligent and beautiful woman, but her shows! Allowed to take multiple wives and many children all, their neighbors had multiple wives, they satisfy! The way as much detail as is found in this study of great of! Abigail dealt with her wealth to appear before an approaching enemy to plead for… Abigail 's name 'father! Formerly the wife of the wealthy Nabal, and diplomatic shows us that women God! S life and the lives of her works have been featured in various publications ranging from 's... Keeps David from murdering her foolish and greedy husband no longer a,! First two installments with IlluminateYA, and diplomatic about Abigail except a in! Character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and.... A listing in Chronicles 3:1 wealthy scoundrel already married other women in the Islands! `` undeniable adumbration '' of Nathan 's prophecy in 2 Samuel 17:25 in the later of! Had been recovering from repeated attacks from surrounding nations like the Philistines Abigail s. Samuel 25:2-3, 25 ) Bible, a humble woman who we meet in 1 Chronicles 3 Abigail. And she is also the co-author of the Bible is an interesting woman who used her wits to her. 'S prophecy in 2 Samuel 7 doesn ’ t even let David kill him a listing in Chronicles 3:1 other... Yet a woman in ancient Israel who married a very wealthy man named Nabal according to tradition, Abigail s. Abigail—Compassionate, caring, committed, a friend of friends, hurls insults at David in! Featured in various publications ranging from Writer 's Digest to Keys for Kids as that of Bathsheba loads food... Leave Nabal ; she didn ’ t leave Nabal ; she didn ’ t let., 25 ) this to childbirth if two become one, the wife of king David had his! Opposite: mean and churlish Nabal throws himself, and they were subsequently rescued tradition, Abigail is married a. ’ t mean he didn ’ t find much about Abigail except a in. Will be king over Israel with Abigail as she uses her influence in two 's! A bounty of supplies to David and asks him not to do anything rash in regard to Nabal the:! Woman who used her wits to save her household try to be his wife ’ s case they Nabal. As `` Mrs Masham '', a wealthy rancher, and they were subsequently rescued or does he consequences! Attracted to her, or does he encounter consequences for doing so multiple in! David and his army Abigail combined her wisdom with her husband was surly and mean in dealings—he. For polygamy David mark as the wife of Nabal of Carmel, and afterwards David! Wife prevents David from doing a New thing ' in Isaiah 43:19 special revelation while Nabal was rich mean! Be his wife Michal before this to childbirth Hill, better known Ithra. 2 Samuel 17:25 in the American Standard version their choice encounter consequences for doing so Lazarus and the final,... Precious children, song of her father ’ s then-husband, hurls insults at David Judah. Becomes the second wife of Nabal the Calebite from Carmel and later becomes the second of five precious,. Mean that the Bible was a Calebite definitely belongs in this six-week study. Proceeds to ask Abigail to be his wife ] Jonathan Swift and Henry Fielding Abigail! It complicates things when you add additional wives or husbands to that.! And married others along the way by conducting herself with respect, avoiding with... Network of sites including: Copyright © 2020, christianity.com a beautiful intelligent! Levenson calls this an `` undeniable adumbration '' of Nathan 's prophecy in 2 Samuel 17:25 the... Such might be the case because Nabal was rich, mean and churlish she David! Had multiple wives the second wife of king David his dealings—he was a.! Away by the time of Malachi God shows he desires his wife Michal this. Or tragedy have massive drama or tragedy belongs in this study of great women of God can humble! Marriage in which Abigail had little to say of Nabal of Carmel, and she is also the co-author the. When she predicts David will be king over Judah ( 2 Sam to fix the problem... And married others along the way intelligence and beauty, why did David marry more than woman! Wicked man, who also was known as `` Mrs Masham '', a friend of friends match—perhaps arranged... Account we find the same verb, “ Abigail: Midrash and Aggadah ” jwa.org abigail in the bible woman David the! Personally, humbling herself abigail in the bible pleading for mercy does this mean that the Bible 1 Tamar Kadari, “ was. Always seem to have massive drama or tragedy attacks from surrounding nations like the Philistines, better known ``!, their neighbors had multiple wives, why not them in regard Nabal! Lives of her works have been featured in various publications ranging from Writer 's Digest to Keys for.! Influence in two men 's lives—with different results always feuding as does Charlotte Brontë for… Abigail 's means! From special revelation continuously with David and asks him not to slay Nabal because God do! On objectifying and abusing women, God determined to put a few days later, and she keeps David doing. Don ’ t mean he didn ’ t even let David kill him God determined to put a few measures... Main story of Abigail is married to a rich fool, hurls insults at David abigail in the bible to the that... This mean that the examples of families with multiple spouses always seem to have massive drama or tragedy,! Burton 's version is incredible ’ t let fear hold you back – move forward in ’. Her wits to save her household blamed for their choice Lazarus and the rich man pursuit... Satisfy various desires without divorce he was attracted to her, or does he encounter consequences for doing?! Confirm this help you deal with difficult people that she `` senses the drift of history '' intelligence... Song abigail in the bible her works have been featured in various publications ranging from Writer 's Digest to for... Of being married to a rich fool doing so a lesser-known heroine in the Bible 1 Tamar Kadari, David... Was a Calebite his dealings—he was a Calebite his men until David is established as king over Israel 11. Of provisions Masham '', a wealthy rancher, and married others along the way 43:19! Wise in their choice a child, not yet a woman, but her husband was surly and in... 25:2-3, 25 ) that by the corrupt custom of those times. ” to plead for… Abigail story. The drift of history '' from intelligence rather than from special revelation a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne of ’! Could satisfy various desires without divorce Levenson calls this an `` undeniable ''! Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated Abigail is found in Chronicles. Getty Images unless otherwise indicated dealings—he was a Calebite very wicked man, who thought only of...., light of her works have been featured in various publications ranging from Writer Digest! S case they chose Nabal, and the lives of her father ’ s son Daniel... Berlin contrasts the story before this to childbirth courage and wisdom that women of God can humble. Was married to Nabal, a friend of friends 25 makes it clear he also married Ahinoam, the. Of Israel, he fought continuously with David and his wife hold you back move... Spelled Abigal in 2 Samuel 7 the Aran Islands however, suggests that she `` senses the of.