Bourget, David; Chalmers, David 2013-12-18 00:00:00 What are the philosophical views of contemporary professional philosophers? Should we lead with the surprising or unsurprising news from a survey of over 900 philosophers at 99 leading universities in the United States and abroad? LessWrong has twice discussed the PhilPapers Survey of professional philosophers' views on thirty controversies in their fields — in early 2011and, more intensively, in late 2012. Ecclesiastes ). Do they lean toward externalist or internalist epistemic justification? Over at his blog Leiter Reports, UC Chicago professor of philosophy Brian Leiter is currently conducting a very interesting poll, asking his readers to rank the 25 philosophers of 'the modern era' (the last 200 years) who 'have had the most pernicious influence on philosophy.' is the limits of my world. The coworking company, WeWork, has banned meat, citing an attempt to reduce its carbon footprint. David Bourget and I have written an article based on the results of the PhilPapers Survey of professional philosophers: "What Do Philosophers Believe?". Albert Camus is famous for expressing this kind of perspective, suggesting that the lack of an afterlife and of a rational, divinely ordered universe undercuts the possibility of meaning (Camus 1955; cf. Some philosophers use the word “happiness” to translate eudaimonia, which is a condition of life rather than an emotion, but this semi-technical usage is presumably not what the designers and subjects of happiness surveys have in mind. Seventy-three percent of the philosophers surveyed said they accepted or leaned towards atheism, while only 15 percent accepted or leaned toward the idea of God. 28 references. None of these philosophers, however, specialized in studying religious belief. Philosophers Beyond Academia: Navigating Diverse; Teaching Philosophy Online: Advice and Tips; APA Connect Member Community; Member Discounts and Savings; Member Groups; Member Demographics; Important Dates and Deadlines; Meetings . We're mostly atheists (72.8%), compatibilists about free will (59%), moral realists (56.3%), naturalists (49.8%), and scientific realists (75%). In Classical antiquity, one set of pre-Socratic philosophers were sometimes called physiologoi (Greek: φυσιολόγοι; in English, physical or natural philosophers). I think the clearest comparable data about physical scientists belief in god come from the surveys of members of the National Academy of Sciences in 1914, 1933, and 1998. While some philosophers believe that what happens in the future has enormous consequences for life’s meaning now, other philosophers have so focused on the importance of the present that questions about the future of humanity in this life, and the possible good or ill of an afterlife for individuals, is of little importance. The most common response to this question is what many philosophers believe. The results of the PhilPapers' survey of philosophical beliefs of philosophers have been published. These Philosophers just proved that they were free to believe as they so desired. 2. results of the survey are a much better guide to what analytic/Anglocentric philosophers (or at least philosophers in strong analytic/Anglocentric departments) believe than to what philosophers from other traditions believe. We have already launched the survey by e-mail to philosophers in 99 leading departments and to users of PhilPapers, and so far we have had responses by around 1000 professional philosophers and 700 others. Philosophers and neuroscientists join forces to see whether science can solve the mystery of free will. Are most philosophers atheists, or theists? This article documents the results. It should be acknowledged that this target group has a strong (although not exclusive) bias toward analytic or Anglocentric philosophy. We've also been having some lively debates, prompted by LukeProg, about the general value of contemporary philosophical assumptions and methods. Do they believe religion and science can co-exist? The survey also asks for some optional background information. A survey of 17 modern philosophers shows they can disagree on the issues that make astrology irrational. Well, well, was freewill involved or were they forced to believe what they believe, perhaps their parents pounded their beliefs into their heads, if so it’s strange because my kids very often believe just the opposite that I … Do they lean toward Platonism or nominalism? Not only does it survey philosophers’ views on thirty classic and modern controversies; it meta-surveys philosophers’ views on philosophers’ typical views! There were 931 respondents from 99 leading philosophy departments around the world. 5% of the academic philosophers actually said they agreed with this. Roughly seven-in-ten (72%) Americans say they believe in heaven — defined as a place “where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded,” according to the Pew Research Center’s 2014 Religious Landscape Study.
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