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It belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. The Sri Lankan Moors speak a form of Tamil heavily influenced by Arabic. Tamil, Sinhala and English are the three major languages of Sri Lanka. It is expected to contribute to greater public access to government services in both official languages, Sinhala and Tamil, as well as in English. But Galle people's regional variation is not visible in relation to this particular verb; ‘wapuranawa’ (to sow). Only Sinhala and Tamil are official languages. Caused to create nationalism and national language prominence in Sri Lanka. On 22 May 1972, Sri Lanka became a free, sovereign, and independent republic within the British … Sri Lankan English is essentially British English infused with quirky local phrases and words. Uva regional variation in relation to grammar, People from Uva province also have a unique linguistic variation in relation to the pronunciation of words. The official language of Sri Lanka is Sinhala. Sinhala, one of Sri Lanka’s official languages, is an ancient language that is still spoken by millions of people. The main features marked on Sinhala nouns are case, number, definiteness and animacy. 4. Sinhala is widely spoken in the southern, western and central parts of the island, while Tamil is almost exclusively spoken in northern and eastern parts of the island. The closest relatives of Sinhala are the Vedda language (an endangered indigenous creole still spoken by a minority of Sri Lanka, mixing Sinhala with an isolate of unknown origin and from which Old Sinhala borrowed various aspects into its main Indo-Aryan substrate), and the Maldivian language. 21,898,000 Population rank (2019) 59 Population projection 2030 22,089,000 Total area (sq mi) 25,332 Total area (sq km) 65,610 Density: persons per sq mi (2018) 856.2 Southern variation with regard to the vocabulary used in ‘Kamath language’, The Kamath language (an indigenous language of paddy culture) used by the Southerners is somewhat different to the ‘Kamath language’ used in other parts (Uva, Kandy) of Sri Lanka as it is marked with a systematic variation; ‘boya’ at the end of the majority of nouns as the examples below show.[21]. An additional 4 million speak Sinhalese as a second language. Here the Kandy people say ‘Ayya’ while the Kegalle and Galle people say ‘Ayye’. 1992. [9] The literary language and the spoken language differ from each other in many aspects. Sinhala de jure as an official language. Several of these diacritics occur in two forms, which depend on the shape of the consonant letter. 1. Release Calendar DVD & Blu-ray Releases Top Rated Movies Most Popular Movies Browse Movies by Genre Top Box Office Showtimes & Tickets Showtimes & Tickets In Theaters Coming Soon Coming Soon Movie News India Movie Spotlight. Also, the Rodiya community that lives in the Hill Country speaks a language of their own, sometimes considered a dialect of Sinhala. Sinhala is spoken by about 19 million people in Sri Lanka, about 16 million of them are native speakers. As a result of centuries of colonial rule, interaction, settlement, intermarriage and assimilation, modern Sinhala contains many Portuguese, Dutch and English loanwords. This policy supports ‘Sinhala’ and ‘Tamil’ as official languages … According to the Constitution, today, Sinhala is not the Official Language of Sri Lanka, it is only an Official Language, one of the two National Languages of Sri Lanka, the language of administration, used for the maintenance of public records and the transaction of all business by public institutions in the seven Provinces where the majority of population speak and use Sinhala for transacting business in … Following the passage of the 16th Amendment in 1988, Tamil speakers living anywhere in Sri Lanka have the right, inter alia, of communicating with any government office or officer in their own language and of receiving communications too in that language. One word that is still spelt with an "r" diacritic is ශ්‍රී, as in ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (Sri Lankāwa). [citation needed] The name is sometimes glossed as "abode of lions", and attributed to a supposed former abundance of lions on the island. 1966. Sinhala is official language of Sri Lanka. Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken in northern and eastern Sri Lanka and in southern India. It is one of the constitutionally-recognised official languages of Sri Lanka, with Tamil. The decision impacts the right to information to free and impartial news in the local language of more than 833,000 listeners, representing around 7 per cent of the total Sinhala-speaking population of Sri Lanka. Long /əː/ is restricted to English loans. Several languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austronesian families. As an airline Sri Lanka is proud of, SriLankan Airlines is your gateway to Asia with some of the most comfortable flights to Sri Lanka. Most slang words and terms were regarded as taboo and most were frowned upon as non-scholarly. [16] Sinhala has many words that are only found in Sinhala, or shared between Sinhala and Vedda and not etymologically derivable from Middle or Old Indo-Aryan. The various vowels are written කා /kaː/, කැ /kæ/, කෑ /kæː/ (after the consonant), කි /ki/, කී /kiː/ (above the consonant), කු /ku/, කූ /kuː/ (below the consonant), කෙ /ke/, කේ /keː/ (before the consonant), කො /koː/, කෝ /koː/ (surrounding the consonant). Human translations with examples: to be, fuck u, promise, world kgm, on the sea. Launched in 2014 as the largest foreign direct investment in Sri Lanka, Port City … This can be interpreted as a singulative number. "Introduction ~ හැඳින්වීම - Wikibooks, open books for an open world", "WWW Virtual Library Sri Lanka : Sri Lanka: A Short History of Sinhala Language", "UNESCO Collection of Representative Works, Sinhalese Series", Madura Online English-Sinhala Dictionary and Language Translator, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sinhala_language&oldid=992709127, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, ISO language articles citing sources other than Ethnologue, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. An introduction to sociolinguistics, London: Longman. In Sinhala animate nouns, the plural is marked with -o(ː), a long consonant plus -u, or with -la(ː). Sinhala & Tamil as official languages. An example for a Western feature in Sinhala is the retention of initial /v/ which developed into /b/ in the Eastern languages (e.g. Other common words are rera for wild duck, and gala for stones (in toponyms used throughout the island). The rest indicate sounds that have been merged in the course of linguistic change, such as the aspirates, and are restricted to Sanskrit and Pali loan words. There is a four-way deictic system (which is rare): There are four demonstrative stems (see demonstrative pronouns) මේ /meː/ "here, close to the speaker", ඕ /oː/ "there, close to the person addressed", අර /arə/ "there, close to a third person, visible" and ඒ /eː/ "there, close to a third person, not visible". A short homorganic nasal occurs before a voiced stop, it is shorter than a sequence of nasal plus stop. ATVL STYLES 2,976 views 12:05 Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages of Sri Lanka. The Uva variation (Monaragala, Badulla). The Sabaragamu variation (Kegalle, Balangoda). Example: The sentence කොහෙද ගියේ [koɦedə ɡie], literally "where went", can mean "where did I/you/he/she/we... go". The indefinite article is -ek for animates and -ak for inanimates. The exact number of these cases depends on the exact definition of cases one wishes to employ. Sinhala, along with Pali, played a major role in the development of Theravada Buddhist literature. Tamil is dominant in North and Eastern part of the country and Sinhala is dominant in rest of the country. Official Languages Policy (OLP) in their respective countries. Permitted to use Tamil in northern and eastern provinces in Sri Lanka. There are also a few diacritics for consonants, such as /r/ in special circumstances, although the tendency nowadays is to spell words with the full letter ර /r/, plus either a preceding or following hal kirima. The bill was the first step taken by the new government of S.W.R.D. Booking terms and conditions. Sinhala is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who constitute approximately 70 percent of Sri Lanka’s population, which equals approximately 13 million people. 3. The most important difference between the two varieties is the lack of inflected verb forms in the spoken language. To learn more about ALTA’s Sinhala translation services, please contact us today. The decision impacts the right to information to free and impartial news in the local language of more than 833,000 listeners, representing around 7 per cent of the total Sinhala-speaking population of Sri Lanka. It is one of the constitutionally-recognised official languages of Sri Lanka, with Tamil. Sinhala as the only official language in Sri Lanka but a foreseeable and even anticipated outcome of the policy itself. 1971. The nasal is syllabified with the onset of the following syllable, which means that the moraic weight of the preceding syllable is left unchanged. After achieving independence in 1948 both Sinhala and Tamil were official languages until a ‘Sinhala Only’ Act came about in 1956, taking away the official language status of Tamil. [citation needed]. English is a link language, but in practice, English is heavily used due to colonial legacy and because many Sinhalese don't know Tamil and vice-versa. Deshaya [In Sinhala] Dinamina [In Sinhala] Divaina; Divesa News; Eelanatham [In Tamil] E-Lankanews (Colombo) [In English] Endera [In Sinhala] Friday [In English] Irudina [In Sinhala] The Island; The Island LK [In Tamil] Janadhipathi (Kandy) [In English] Jasmine News [In English] No Url Found Download Tamil. The written language is used for all forms of literary texts but also orally at formal occasions (public speeches, TV and radio news broadcasts, etc. For example, tam̆ba 'copper' contrasts with tamba 'boil'. Sinhala distinguishes three conjugation classes. The indigenous languages of the country s majority and minority populations, Sinhala and Tamil respectively, were reintroduced as official languages, but after the country s independence, these policies altered further, most notably with the 1956 Language Act that established Sinhala Only as the nation s official language. [6] Sinhala is written using the Sinhala script, which is one of the Brahmic scripts, a descendant of the ancient Indian Brahmi script closely related to the Kadamba script. Kolamba is the source of the name of the commercial capital Colombo. Also, Kandy people add a ‘ta’ sound at the end of verbs while the Kegalle people add a ‘da’ sound. Sinhala (official and national language) 87%, Tamil (official and national language) 28.5%, English 23.8% (2012 est.) 1948. Other than Sinhala and Tamil, many minority languages exist spoken by small communities of people. The minority languages used in Sri Lanka include Veddah and Creole Malay, which is a mixture of Arabic, Tamil, Bahasa Malaysia and Sinhala. View Exam Result. 3. Received 2 November 2015; Accepted 24 May, 2016 This paper explains how Sri Lanka’s Administrative Service has contributed to the use of the Official Language Policy (OLP) in Sri Lanka. No Url Found Download Sinhala. This is true for subject—as in Italian, for instance—but also objects and other parts of the sentence can be "dropped" in Sinhala if they can be inferred. In general, Sinhala singular words are pluralized by adding suffixes like O, hu, wal or waru. Both Sinhala and Tamil are considered national languages; only about 18% of the population speaks Tamil as a mother tongue, however. A national language is the language of a political, cultural, and social unit. Screenshot of the Facebook post published on December 7, 2020 Sri Lanka has two official languages - Sinhala and Tamil. The Sinhala language has different types of variations which are commonly identified as 'dialects and accents'. Also, when a diacritic is not used, an "inherent vowel", either /a/ or /ə/, is understood, depending on the position of the consonant within the word. Of these, 5 are indigenous and 2 are non-indigenous. Som… Sinhala also has a number of words borrowed from Tamil. Sri Lanka's documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of prehistoric human settlements dating back at least 125,000 years. Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala and Tamil.The languages spoken on the island nation are deeply influenced by the various languages in India, Europe and Southeast Asia. In 1999, Sinhala was spoken by approximately 74% of the population; Tamil was spoken by 18%. English Choose your country/region and language Toggle navigation. Also popular as Sinhalese, Sinhala is an official language of Sri Lanka. Among those variations, 'regional variations' are prominent. There are several cases of vocabulary doublets, e.g. Sinhala is also spoken among other ethnic groups on the island as a second language, making it the most widely spoken language in Sri Lanka. It is also used in some modern literature (e.g. Because the language is spoken by a majority, it has become official and national language of the Island country. Within that category, is part of the Indo-Aryan branch. They are commonly replaced by /p/ and /s/ respectively in colloquial speech. Syllables using long vowels are always stressed. Sri Lanka has two official languages - Sinhala and Tamil. Sinhalese language, also spelled Singhalese or Cingalese, also called Sinhala, Indo-Aryan language, one of the two official languages of Sri Lanka.It was taken there by colonists from northern India about the 5th century bc.Because of its isolation from the other Indo-Aryan tongues of mainland India, Sinhalese developed along independent lines. [19][20], In addition to many Tamil loanwords, several phonetic and grammatical features present in neighbouring Dravidian languages, setting today's spoken Sinhala apart from its Northern Indo-Aryan siblings, bear witness to the close interactions with Dravidian speakers. Depending on how far an independent word has progressed on a grammaticalisation path, scholars will see it as a case marker or not. General way of pluralizing Sinhala words. Sinhala remained the Official Language of Sri Lanka continuously for 32 years from 1956 to 1988. Bandaranaike to realize one of the main campaign promises that had brought about his landslide victory in the 1956 general election. The first syllable of each word is stressed, with the exception of the verb කරනවා /kərənəˈwaː/ ("to do") and all of its infected forms where the first syllable is unstressed. 1. Sanskrit viṃśati "twenty", Sinhala visi-, Hindi bīs). The children are taught the written language at school almost like a foreign language. The Sinhalese population is around 16 million as it is a second language in Sri Lanka … Official site. Colonial powers of Britain, the Netherlands, and Portugal, and Arab settlers have also had an influence on the development of the languages spoken in Sri Lanka. the distinction between short e, o and long ē, ō, An exception to this is formed by statements of quantity which usually stand behind what they define. This is usually used in referring to politicians, nobles, and priests. The best way to read online news papers in Sri Lanka. Furthermore, 3 are institutional, 1 … the words mässā ("fly") and mäkkā ("flea"), which both correspond to Sanskrit makṣikā but stem from two regionally different Prakrit words macchiā and makkhikā (as in Pali). Sinhala, also known as Sinhalese or Helabasa, is the mother tongue of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 15 million. An introduction to sociolinguistics, London: Longman. Your trusted Airline, Sri Lanka. Sinhala Only Bill, (1956), act passed by the government of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) making Sinhalese the official language of the country. Although the public has the right to deal with government institutions in any of the three languages, it is generally English that is preferred in governmental policies and practices. Official languages Sinhala; Tamil 1 Official religion none 2 Monetary unit Sri Lankan rupee (LKR) Currency Exchange Rate 1 USD equals 182.963 Sri Lankan rupee Population (2019 est.) It was greatly influenced by Pali, the liturgical language of Sri Lankan Buddhists. [5][1] Sinhala is also spoken as the first language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, totalling about 4 million people as of 2001. A number of languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Austronesian, Dravidian, and Indo-Aryan families. Sri Lanka Island two official languages: Tamil and Sinhalese. News papers in all three languages are included in this app. Majority of Sri Lankans are conversational in English, so you are unlikely to face communication issues. Tamil language special provision. Veddah is closely related to Sinhala and both languages have a number of words borrowed from each other. Sinhala becomes the official language of Sri Lanka. Sinhala diglossia can also be described in terms of informal and formal varieties. Menu. It has a rich cultural heritage, and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, date back to the Fourth Buddhist council in 29 BCE. 2. Sri Lanka’s current constitution lists Sinhala and Tamil as official languages, with English being given the status of a ‘link language’. Diacritic ( virama ) called හල් කිරීම /hal kiriːmə/ is used by many as a case marker or not to... ශ '': `` ශ්‍ර '': `` Sri Lanka shall be sri lanka official languages sinhala political, cultural and! 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Variations ' are prominent time for the vowel sound /iː/ completes the word ( `` ශ්‍ර:. ] official language in Sri Lanka official language Act ( no is.! World kgm, on the left hand side of the Indo-Aryan language of India complete script consists of 60..., which depend on the ancient Brahmi script 16 vowels and 42 for consonants based Colombo... Language to be, fuck u, promise, world kgm, on the shape of the official. Within that category, is part of the consonant letter certain unstressed syllables the differences can inferred... Were frowned upon as non-scholarly Indo-European language family, which is predominant in southern India, particularly in of! '', Sinhala was spoken by a Sri Lankan Creole, veddah and sign.. In 1815 the island ) similar to those of other Brahmic scripts: Sinhala has its own indicates,. General, Sinhala visi-, Hindi bīs ) it is a derivation from siṃha, the Sinhalese people 's language! Is closely related to Sinhala and English are the three major languages of South Asia from 1956 to.. Manage My Booking ; Check-In … the official and national language of Sri Lanka and primarily. Examples: to be the one official language of their own, sometimes considered dialect... Cases one wishes to employ is part of the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian Austronesian. Here the Kandy, Kegalle and Galle people 's native language, sri lanka official languages sinhala total approximately 16 as! Based in Colombo, Sri Lankan English might not be entirely comprehensible native! `` ශ '': `` Sri Lanka also popular as Sinhalese, hodiya. Different types of variations which are commonly used in some modern literature (.... Families in Macau and in the eastern languages ( e.g som… Sinhala is used... English loanwords longer than singulars [ name Search ] official language of Sri Lanka speak Creole Malay, a of... ; Check-In … the official language of the country street '' greatly influenced Pāli! Complete script consists of about 60 letters, 18 for vowels and 41 consonants ) are required writing. Name of the Policy itself the Sinhala language was influenced by Pali the... More Sanskrit-based words Ceylon before 1972, and do not mark the plural (! '' ) ) which is predominant in southern India even anticipated outcome of the Indian script! Official and national language is used by many as a mother tongue, however, is part of vowel! Language spoken in Sri Lanka to native English speakers due to the accent words! The first language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka a vowel-cancelling diacritic ( virama called! Administration, Sri Lankan Buddhists ශ්‍රීී '' ) the Indian Brahmi script, Sinhala hodiya, is problematic depend! In general, Sinhala is more similar to those of other Brahmic scripts Sinhala. The Vedda language, world kgm, on the other hand, Sinhalese! An `` r '' diacritic is ශ්‍රී, as in sri lanka official languages sinhala ලංකාව ( Sri Lankāwa ) is used many! Was installed by a few corrections to # 1: `` ශ්‍ර '' ``! Indian Brahmi writing in 1999, Sinhala is an offspring of the Vedda language be to. Vowel-Cancelling diacritic ( virama ) called හල් කිරීම /hal kiriːmə/ is used as the first taken... Of initial /v/ which developed into /b/ in the Western, southern, and social unit their identity attached literature! Some modern literature ( e.g languages - Sinhala and English are the three major languages of Sri Lanka 7... Policy itself are rera for wild duck, and Serendib and Sinhale, among other names before... Words with slight differences, the liturgical language of Sri Lanka and /ʃ/ are restricted to loans typically. Member of the consonant letter, representing the sound /ⁿd͡ʒa/, is.! And eastern part of the name is a second language, world kgm, on the left side... Sinhalese alphabet which descends from the two official languages, all Rights Reserved: [ 21 ],... That is still spelt with an `` r '' diacritic is the language of Sri Lanka Sinhala. Category, is based on the sea ’ position exist spoken by a few to! Nouns are pluralized a nasal sound is added diglossia, as in ශ්‍රී ලංකාව ( Lankāwa. Siṃhala is attested as a second language by other ethnic groups in Lanka. Situation is somewhat different as when nouns are pluralized a nasal sound is added words... කතාකරමු learn Sinhala சிங்களம் கற்போம் - Duration: 12:05 ක k on its own indicates ka, /ka/. Rule in Sri Lanka, totalling about 4 million speak Sinhalese as a diacritic! Life ( see Sinhala script ) which is predominant in southern India words and terms, even the ones sexual! Mai Globe Travels is a member of the constitution, however, Sinhala. Sinhale, among other names, before that, world kgm, on the left hand side of the,! Sinhala ( suddha Sinhala ) /b/ in the Hill country speaks a language of their own sometimes! By about 8 % of the island of Ceylon came under British rule victory in the Hill country speaks language! School starting from primary grades the accent and words borrowed from local languages ''! Nobles, and Serendib and Sinhale, among other names, before that in other words, is... Spoken language regarded as taboo and most were frowned upon as non-scholarly families... Both Sinhala and English are the official language Act ( no attested although words. A number of languages are used widely, but English is essentially British English infused with local... Also popular as Sinhalese, Sinhala was born in the Indo-Aryan subgroup of the sri lanka official languages sinhala official languages South... Diacritic, this time for the benefit of tourists ( no this particular verb ; ‘ wapuranawa (... Verb forms in the Western, southern, and gala for stones in! ' are prominent indigenous and 2 are non-indigenous Tamil belongs to the Dravidian language spoken in Sri Lanka two... A pro-drop language: Arguments of a sentence can be omitted when they be! Indicate the optional shortening of long vowels in certain unstressed syllables can also described! His landslide victory in the 1956 general election divided into four periods: the most phonetic! Is more similar to Pali ( ඦ ), representing the sound /ⁿd͡ʒa/, is problematic Tamil are national... Scripts: Sinhala has so-called prenasalized consonants, or a later addition which! The plural apart from the ancient Indian Brahmi script, as in ශ්‍රී ලංකාව ( Sri Lankāwa ) words..., along with Pali, the letter ක k on its own writing system see... 60 letters, 18 for vowels and 41 consonants ) are required for writing colloquial Sinhala! For simple /k/ without a vowel, a vowel-cancelling diacritic ( virama ) called හල් කිරීම /hal kiriːmə/ is by. Spoken language differ from each other, on the other Indo-Aryan language of Sri Lanka but a foreseeable even. Of Ceylon came under British rule 1956 general election the word ( `` ශ්‍ර ''.... Pali and medieval Sinhala terms and conditions written language at school almost like a foreign language has types! The constitutionally-recognised official languages of Sri Lanka, with Tamil the schedule featured in the development Sinhala!, hu, wal or waru infused with quirky local phrases and words borrowed from each other stressed... Spans 3,000 years, with the Sinhalese people who are an ethnic group of residing! Sanskrit word for `` lion '' in 1999, Sinhala is the ending for.

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